a. the behavior of an organism is influenced by both its heredity and its environment.
deforestation affects biotic as well as biotic components of the ecosystem.
deforestation adversely reduces the biodiversity of the forest as they are the primary producers in the forest ecosystem.
effects on abiotic factors:
it changes the water quality of nearby rivers, lakes, and other water sources.
in addition, it increases the temperature of the water bodies as a shadow or cooling effects of trees are no more present.
the quality of air keeps on deteriorating with increasing deforestation as trees are the natural air filters.
it increases the events of soil erosion and with the entire ecosystem may turn into barren land.