this is correct.
i'm not sure what exactly you wanted to know, but this statement is correct. an example of allusion would be, don't act like a scrooge! you expect your audience to know who scrooge, from a christmas carol is.
d. media can be used to distract audiences from the truth. this is the correct option.
george is watching the tv show where the ballerinas are dancing. he dares think the ballerinas should not be handiccaped and immediately his thoughts are disrupted. some noise gets into his mind through his ear- radio. therefore, the media entertain people and if the audience questions what they see , they will be ordered to stop thinking so they cannot know the truth. the truth will be disclosed if people can question the government, but this is impossible in the story. when george dares question what he sees on tv, the government interfers and does not let him think.
these options are wrong:
a. media are the reason george is able to watch ballet. media are the means the government uses to manipulate people.
b. media change people's values, making them more selfish. the author wants to reflect that the media are the means the government uses. in the story, people are manipulated by tv. the focus is on social effects not on individual effects.
c. media tend to make audiences' worldviews the same. this is also true in the story but it is not exactly reflected in the excerpt. in the excerpt, there is a description of the ballerinas show on tv and george's attempt to reflect upon the condition of the ballerinas. his thoughts are disrupted when he attempts to question the show.