deaths of parents.
hiv/aids, like all communicable diseases, is linked to poverty. the complex relationship between poverty and hiv/aids is central to an understanding of the impact of the epidemic on rural livelihoods.
the relationship is bi-directional in that poverty is a key factor in transmission and hiv/aids can impoverish people in such a way as to intensify the epidemic itself.
poverty is a key transmission factor, it may take different forms, for instance; poverty created by war, civil unrest, social disruption and refugees. high levels of abuse to young girls and the breakdown of traditional sexual beliefs are associated with military destabilization, refugee crisis and civil war.