it was an alphabetic script which was more accurate and usable then the syllabic and pictographic writings in use. it proved so useful in communicating and recor keeping that it was adopted and adapted by the greeks and romans, and so forms the basis of our alphabets today.
d. an oral history dictated by an adolescent who fled the fire
because this person experienced it first hand and knows more details than anyone who just watched from a distance.
i think he had him surrender
the answer is poll taxes.