the reason why germany surrendered during wwi was because of many factors. germany was bound to lose the war, so they decided that they didn't want to continue with the war. germany was in a huge shortage of food, due to the fact that the allies made a blockage that blocked incoming food supplies from getting into the battle field, and without food, the soldiers can't fight the war because they will be starving. no enemies were near germany's borders, while there were germany soldiers that were in the allies territories, so that means that germany can't aid the soldiers because they would be going too far from their territory, or the land they conquered. because of all of this, germany's hopes for winning the war has fallen, and signed an armistice with the allies.
a loyalist was a colonist who stayed loyal to england and supported the british army during the war.