they kept back from the wars and didn't want any action meaning wars.
the space race
in the 1950s, united states and the soviet union are involved in a cold war due to the difference in their ideological system. to prove to the rest of the world which country have the superior technological advancement, both countries involved in a space race to be the first one that place a man outside the planet earth. to obtain the fund needed for the researches, governments in both countries obtain a loan from another countries and increase the national debt.