'carpetbagger' is a term referring to the northerners that relocated to the south after the civil war took place.
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the correct answer is d.
democracy promotion has always been a key aspect of u.s. foreign policy. it means democracy as a political system but also promoting democratic values and rights. democracy promotion is a term that describes different activities, undertaken as part of u.s. foreign policy, to initiate and foster democratic governance in various countries in the world. it is done by means of traditional diplomacy ( talks and agreements ), targeted foreign aid and assistance, covert and overt military operations.
many times, in order to promote democracy, capitalism is used. promoting capitalism had been more effective in countries with authoritarian regimes, opposed to any change. the authoritarians may become more willing to adopt to capitalism because it brings them visible effects fast ( more money and economy growth). economic growth may in return strengthen the power of new, emerging leaders and allow the transition of the country into a democracy.
the answer would be b. the fourteenth amendment limited the state governments in numerous ways, stating that "no state shall make or enforce any law that shall abridge the privileges of citizens of the united states; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection the equal protection of the laws."