hi my dear friend,
madison and the bill of rights. on 8 june 1789, james madison rose to the floor of the united states congress and proposed a series of changes to the new constitution. the national charter would not be complete, he argued, unless amendments were added that explicitly protected individuals' rights.
b. it is closer to the equator.
gutenberg's invention, the printing press, was a key element in increasing the literacy in europe because it allowed for books to be published in various styles of printing and, therefore, was now reachable for the common people who couldn't afford hand-printed copies. with this, the reading of the bible also increased, which led to some changes in the catholic church as well.