c) the right to meet in groups
the right to peaceably assemble is one of the five freedoms ensured in the first amendment, yet that opportunity does not really reach out to private property.
the right to peaceably assemble implies that somebody can assemble with others without dread from the administration that they are a crowd. individuals can get together with whomever they need as long as they are quiet and not causing inconvenience. this applies to all gatherings, regardless of whether individuals don't care for those gatherings.
if the value of the stolen merchandise is less than $100: you will be charged with petit theft in the second degree, which is a second degree misdemeanor punishable of up to 60 days in jail and/or up to a $500 fine.
the answer that apply for most countries, among which gb, scotland, usa and french model legal system countries is d. bench trials ( although respecting the ierarchy in different judicial systems, for different phases of a legal process, there may be more then one judge making a decision over a court case