they have lower testosterone levels than men uwu
i think it is d
the physical infrastructure for x-ray crystallography structural biology includes synchrotrons, which are affordable by a nation. there are 47 in the world (lightsources.org). each synchrotron provides a number of beamlines for experiments, usually including several optimized for macromolecular x-ray crystallography, often some for other structural biology techniques including saxs (small-angle x-ray scattering) and cd (circular dichroism), and usually some beamlines for material sciences and other non-biological applications.
informal definition: to defeat [opponents] thoroughly
formal definition: to disembowel in an evil way, typically in humongous statistics