After a culture of cells is allowed to multiply and is viewed through a microscope, the cells are x-rayed with high energy radiation for less than 1/100th of a second. after the radiation, many newly reproduced cells appear different. what has probably occurred?
the judiciary act of 1801 allowed adams to lock the court organization and numbers and allowed adams to appoint federalists to the bench for life.
while it might be convenient to consider adams action as appropriate or inappropriate, he acted and it changed the court.
jefferson was largely opposed to the supreme court having oversight over the executive and the 1801 act set up the case in marbury v. madison wherein chief justice marshall developed the doctrine of judicial review and established the court's authority over the executive branch when it determined the constitutionality of the executive branch's actions.
while adams' actions were blatantly political, they did ensure a check on the executive branch.
normative economics makes judgements related to economic events and decisions, in order to conclude whether these are fair or adequate in a specific situation, or in order to assess the validity of the goals and results of the public economic policy.
this dimension in the study of economics is defined in opposition to positive economics, the branch within economics that describes and explains economic phenomena, without making any judgement.
the deputy of the human rights watch states that most people imprisoned by the criminal justice system are "low income, racial and ethnic minorities", being one of the major human rights problems in the usa, reflecting an obvious case of class oppression and racial discrimination.