the psychological phenomenon that the child in the back seat is experiencing is a concept called optic flow.
to put it simply, optic flow is the visual motion that you experience as you move through the world. it refers to how you perceive things as you move around the world. the child is perceiving that the roadside is moving quickly because he or she is in a moving car, and thus it creates the perception that the roadside is moving faster than the buildings, which due to its size and position relative to the child, seems to move slower.
what makes ohio being a state different from a country such as japan which is also considered a state, is that ohio is subject to laws from another entity.
explanation: ohio as a state is part of a bigger entity which is the country, the united states of america. every state from the usa has its own unique laws and besides that, they also have to be ruled by the bigger laws of the country, the constitution of the usa. unlike japan, that is ruled by its own and unique laws, there is no other one that rules it.
the period very early in the life of the animal that imprinting needs to take place at or else it will not take place at all, is (critical period). imprinting is a phase-sensitive learning that is rapid and apparently independent of the consequences of behaviour.