When 68-year-old mrs. blake had a flat tire on a fairly isolated highway, she received from a passerby in less than 10 minutes. one year later, when she had a flat tire on a busy freeway, an hour elapsed before someone finally stopped to offer assistance. mrs. blake's experience best illustratesa. the mere exposure effect. b. altruism. c. the self-fulfilling prophecy. d. the bystander effect.
water and oil do not mix because water is hydrophilic (it is attracted to itself) and oil is hydrophobic (it is repelled by water).
in bob´s argument we can infer an inductive fallacy known as fallacy by association which it is affirmed that the qualities of a specific object correspond to those of a general group, through an inconsequential relationship. it is argued that one´s qualities are intrinsically or essentially qualities of another simply by association.
on this case, we can evidence a fallacy of anecdotal evidence, hurried generalization or law of small numbers which consists of establishing a generalized conclusion based on isolated or anecdotal facts.