i thought a 14 year old should know this but
colonies were tied to britain through trade and by the way they were governed. trade was restricted so the colonies had to rely on britain for imported goods and supplies. there were no banks and very little money, so colonists used barter and credit to get the things they needed.
britain also needed money to pay for its war debts. the king and parliament believed they had the right to tax the colonies. they decided to require several kinds of taxes from the colonists to pay for the french and indian war. these taxes included the stamp act, passed in 1765, which required the use of special paper bearing an embossed tax stamp for all legal documents. other laws, such as the townsend acts, passed in 1767
this mainly outraged the colonies and created what we know as today as the american revolutionary war
douglass's purpose in the speech "the hypocrisy of american slavery” (given july 4, 1852) is to shame the american people specifically the people of rochester, ny who have asked him- a former slave- to give a speech on a day of celebration of american freedom.
douglass reveals his purpose to the reader through literary and persuasive techniques such as: rhetorical questions, ethos (ethics), pathos (pity), logos (logic), and anecdotes (stories).
“fellow citizens, pardon me, and allow me to ask, why am i called upon to speak here today? what have i or those i represent to do with your national independence? ” (douglass, paragraph 1)
“fellow citizens, above your national, tumultuous joy, i hear the mournful wail of millions, whose chains, heavy and grievous yesterday, are today rendered more intolerable by the jubilant shouts that reach them.“ (douglass, paragraph 4)
because if you're answering a question about the reading, it gives the material you're reading purpose