e all of the above
just filling in characters
spain's role in the independence of the united states was part of its dispute over colonial supremacy with the kingdom of great britain. spain declared war on britain as an ally of france, itself an ally of the american colonies, and provided supplies and munitions to the american forces.
industrialization leads to urbanization by creating economic growth and job opportunities that draw people to cities. urbanization typically begins when a factory or multiple factories are established within a region, thus creating a high demand for factory labor.
a. make laws.
b. declare war.